The Valley Of The Kings, a depression in Egypt, nearly five hundred years from the sixteenth to eleventh century BC, has tombs made for the kings and powerful nobles of the New Kingdom.
Situated on the west bank of the Nile, opposite to the Thebes (modern Luxor), within the heart of the Theban Necropolis, it has two valleys. One of the valleys, the East Valley is where the majority of the royal tombs are situated, and other is the West Valley. The region has been a centre of intensive archaeological and egyptological exploration since the end of the eighteenth century, and its tombs and burials continue to spur research and interest.
Famous for the discovery of Tutankhamun remains and the rumoured Pharaohs’ curse, the place is the most remarkable archaeological site in the world. The valley became a World Heritage Site in the year of 1979, along with the rest of the Theban Necropolis. Beginning with Thutmose I and ending at Ramesses X or XI, the valley was used for burials from 1539 BC to 1075 BC, and contains around sixty tombs,
Important Facts About The Valley Of The Kings:
- In the era of male-dominated monarchy, I (ca. 1300 BC) the Valley of Queens gained power, but incidents of burying wives with their husbands continued.
- The Valley also had graves for the favourite nobles and their wives and children of both the nobles and pharaohs.
- The geographic region of Luxor had been the position of royal burials since around 2100 BC. However, it had been the pharaohs of the New Kingdom who selected this isolated natural depression dominated by the pyramid-shaped crown of Al Quran (The Horn).
- The quality of the rock in the depression is incredibly inconsistent.
- Tombs were designed, by cutting through numerous layers of stone, each with its unique quality.
- It created issues for contemporary day conservators, compelled to manoeuvre the initial architects.
- Building plans were in all probability modified on account of uniting the sedimentary rock layers.
- The granular material expands when it comes into contact with water. It broke several tombs, significantly through floods.
- The natural depression of the Kings, administrative division, Thebes, the burial place of the pharaohs of the New Kingdom is all included in the Valley of the Kings.
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