After breakfast, drive (almost 3 hours) to the Mediterranean coastal city of Alexandria, Egypt’s second largest city and main port. Alexandria was founded in 331 BC under the orders of Alexander the Great. Alexandria was the setting for the stormy love story between Julius Caesar, Cleopatra, and Marc Antony as well as a cosmopolitan gathering spot for intellectuals in the early twentieth century.
On arrival, head to the mysteries Catacombs of Kom El Shoqafa. This Roman burial site is the largest of its kind in Egypt. The crypts are 20 metres below street level, and what probably began as a small family tomb grew into a labyrinth of chambers that could accommodate more than 300 bodies.
Proceed to Pompey’s pillar (Column of Diocletian), the largest Roman triumphal column constructed outside Rome or Constantinople. The column stands over 26 meters high (85 feet), made of a single piece of Aswan granite. Around the memorial column, you’ll also explore a number of statues, artifacts, and the remains of a Serapium, a temple of the Graeco-Egyptian deity Serapis.
Move on to visit the Roman Amphitheater, dating from the 2nd century A.D. It is a small amphitheater that was used by the Romans for poetry and music. On the site, other ruins have also been excavated including a bath house and a villa with some well-preserved mosaics.
Continue to the Citadel of Qaitbay, located on the Mediterranean sea coast. It was established in 1477 AD by Sultan Al-Ashraf Qa’it Bay. The Citadel was erected on the exact site of the famous Lighthouse of Alexandria, which was one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. Take some time to stroll along the Corniche and around Fort Qaitbey to enjoy the fresh Mediterranean air. Enjoy Lunch at a good quality Fish Market local restaurant.
Afterwards, stop by the strikingly modern Bibliotheca Alexandrina, inspired by the original great library of Alexandria and built to hold over eight million books (Extra entrance fees on spot). After finished, enjoy a relaxing drive back to your hotel in Cairo and free time at your hotel in Cairo
Meals: Breakfast, Lunch