Ruled by Greek rulers after the Persian invasion, Egyptian society witnessed a number of changes in its culture. Alexander the Great overlaid monuments with his own Greek designs. He built temples and statues following the ancient Egyptian tradition of having defied gods. The remains in the form of reliefs, statues and funerary objects give a small glimpse of the Greek rule in Egypt.
The biggest memorial column in Egypt, Pompey's Pillar stands with pride on the grounds of Egypt. It is a large column of red granite, its total height is about 28 m with a diameter at the base of 2.7 m, and towards the capital, at the top, it tapers to 2.3 m.
To enter the Catacombs of Kom El-Shoqafa, you must travel down, through a spiral staircase, to where the bodies of the deceased were once grounded. This staircase leads to a large prime shaft that primarily functioned both for carrying the dead bodies to their graves and making sure there was good ventilation in the burial chambers.
One of the most popular sites in Alexandria, the Roman Amphitheatre is a symbol of the rich cultural variation that was evident to the people of Alexandria. The number of plays and musicals performed at the theatre are a proof of the love of the Egyptian people of literature and talent.
The structure was built in the 2nd century. It currently stands tall with most of its structures restored. An open-air theatre with no curtains on the stage, the theatre consisting of 16 rows of marble benches lined along the stage give even views to all the spectators visiting the theatre. The benches can now be used to sit 600 audiences at once.
Nobody still believes that the foundation of the Coptic Mu seum goes back to the era of the Persians and a lot of pieces were added afterwards by the Roman emperors August and Trajan.
The Coptic Museum is an area full of chapels like the Church of St. Barbara, its famous hangings and Coptic Churches enclosed in the Roman Babylon Fort in Maser El Qadema in Coptic Cairo Center.
The known French scientist Maspero played a significant role in the endowment of the modern museum. He spent a long time studying the Coptic monuments all around Egypt and preserving them.
A natural depression in the desert, connected to the River Nile by a branch called "Bahr Yousuf", the name was derived from the ancient Egyptian Word "Baym", which means sea or lake. The region rich in old archaeological sites, such as the old City of El-Fayoum (Crocodopolis) is worth a visit.
El-Fayoum, situated 70Km southwest from Cairo, can be traced on the map because of the large Lake Qaroun.
Popular across the globe, the Greco-Roman monuments have helped in enriching Egypt’s heritage. The main regions ground to such monuments include Alexandria, Cairo, Luxor, Aswan, and more. Visit Nile Holiday to book your tour to the Greco-Roman Sites.