Kharga Oasis

The Southernmost Oasis of Western Desert in the depression about 160 km long and 20-30 km wide is the largest and most populated of Libyan oases.

General Info
































Governorate: New Valley
Name: El Dakhla
Location: 25° 30′ 0″ N,
28° 58′ 45″ E
Area: 2,000 km2
Population: 75000
Main Town: Mut

History



  • During 12th dynasty, a trade route from middle Egypt to Sudan became very demanding which resulted in building the caravan route Darb el Arba that converges through the desert via different oases.


  • Kharga Oasis was one of those resting place which was built into a fortress by Romans.


  • It was considered Southern-western gate and the temple of Hibis that reflect Pharonic, Persian, Ptolemaic, and Roman eras beautifully became the focal point of Egypt.



Climate


Summer: April – Oct


June: Hottest month – Avg. Temp. Of 40°C and sunshine for 13 hours


Winter: November – March


January: Coldest month – Avg. Temp. Of 22°C and sunshine for 9 hours


Flora:


Normally some extensive thorn palm, acacia, buffalo thorn and jujube growth can be seen. If we elaborate, then it’s like this. 7 vegetation types are recognized here as well as Dakhla:



  • Aquatic Vascular Plants –


  • Urticularia gibba and Potamogeton pectinatus (freshwater)


  • Ruppia maritima and Zannichellia palustris (brackish water)


  • Najus graminea and N. Minor (shallow irrigation lands)


  • Lemna gibba and L. Aequinoctialis (free floating water bodies)


  • Aquatic Green Algae –


  • Nitella spp. and Chara spp. (stagnant water)


  • Reed Swamp Vegetation –


  • Typha domingensis and Phragmites australis


  • Halophytic Vegetation –


  • Wet salt marshes such as Cyperus laevigatus


  • Dry salt marshes such as Cressa cretica


  • Psammophytic Vegetation –


  • Alhagi graecorum


  • Tamarix nilotica


  • Cultivated land –


  • Date palm


  • Olive


  • Vegetables


  • Rice


  • Cereal


  • Grass


  • Waste Land In the vicinity of cultivated ground –


  • Hyoscyamus muticus,


  • Sporobolus spicatus,


  • Fagonia arabica,


  • Cyperus laevigatus,


  • Aeluropus lagopoides,


  • Polypogon monspeliensis


  • Xerophytic Vegetation –


  • vascular desert plants


  • Endemic species Restricted to Kharga –


  • Ducrosia ismailis Asch. and Pimpinella schweinfurthii Asch.


  • Rhazya stricta Decne



Economic Sectors


The economy of the oasis depends on:



  • Agriculture And Services


  • Tourism


  • Local Administration



Agricultural Products


The main cultivated products are:



  • Date palm


  • Olive


  • Vegetables


  • Rice


  • Cereal


  • Grass


  • Fruit trees


  • Clover



Important Sites



  • Archaeological sites:


  • Ain El Beleida (Roman)


  • Ain El Labakha (Roman)


  • Ain Manawir (Persian, Roman)


  • Ain Shams El Din (Coptic church)


  • Ain El Tarakwa (Roman)


  • Ain Tauleib (Roman)


  • Deir Mustafa Kashef (Coptic monastery)


  • Deir El Munira (Roman)


  • Gabbanat El Bagawat (Coptic cemetery)


  • Gebel El Teir (Prehistoric times)


  • El Nadura (Roman)


  • Qasr El Dabashiya (Roman)


  • Qasr Dush (Greco-Roman)


  • Qasr El Ghuweita (Late Period)


  • Qasr El Gibb (Roman)


  • Qasr El Zayyan (Greco-Roman)


  • Sumeira (Roman)


  • Temple of Hibis (Persian - c. 6th century BC.)


  • Umm El Dabadib (Roman)


  • Umm Mawagir (Middle Kingdom, 2nd Intermediate Period)


  • Cemetery of Bagawat


  • Museum of Antiquities of Al Kharge



These Western Desert’s little paradises tempt every man in the face of earth. How remote or small, they hold our heart firmly and take it by storm. Egypt is happy to share these small pieces of his heart with whoever wants to bask in the pleasure as such. And NILE HOLIDAY ensures these pleasurable adventures and encourages enjoying these valleys without worrying about security and as such. So, let you heart guide you to Egypt’s small piece of heaven now..

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