El-Fayoum

The Faiyum Oasis in Egypt near Nile River is largely depended on Nile water than freshwater.

General Info
































Governorate: Faiyum
Name: El Fayoum
Location: 29° 27′ 13″ N,
30° 34′ 51″ E
Area: 1,270 km² - 1700 km²
Population: 3,10,000
Main Town: Faiyum

History



  • First human habitation of the Faiyum is recorded in 7200 BCE.


  • Then it was used for agricultural purposes around 5200 BCE.


  • It became the preferred hunting grounds for kings and nobles during the Old Kingdom called Ta-she, the Southern Lake.


  • The city named Shedet was established and was a sanctuary for crocodiles.


  • Greek called it Crocodilopolis which is now called Kiman Faris.


  • Between 3rd and 5th centuries, the oasis went into decline.


  • Even though Roman restored it, they were unpopular.


  • Arabs successfully invaded, but still it went into decline during Ottoman period.


  • Many wars and fights were involved before Muhammad Ali revived its failing economy with agriculture. Slowly the land has come a long way into modern era and is gaining prosperity with various means.



Climate


Summer: April – Oct


July: Hottest month – Avg. Temp. Of 28°C and with no precipitation


Winter: November – March


January: Coldest month – Avg. Temp. Of 11°C and with a little precipitation


Flora



  • Lake Moeris is the primary location for the presence of marine, fluvial and continental environment.


  • Whereas in Lake Qarun, species like Tamarix nilotica, Nitraria retusa and Alhagi maurorum are found mostly. Even salt-marsh vegetation is seen in brackish water from the main drainage canals.



Economic Sectors


The economy of the oasis depends on:



  • Agriculture


  • Tourism


  • Wildlife Conservation


  • Fishing



Agricultural Products


The main cultivated products are:



  • Cotton


  • Cereal


  • Clover


  • Tomatoes


  • Olive


  • Medicinal Plants


  • Fruits


  • Rose trees


  • Fig


  • Grapes



Important Sites



  • Karanis


  • Bahr Yussef


  • The Pyramid of Hawara (The Labyrinth)


  • Archaelogical sites of EL-Lahun


  • Site of Crocodilopolis/Arsinoe


  • Madinat Modi


  • Qasr Qarun


  • Dimeh Al Siba


  • Wadi el Hitan (Whale Valley)



These Western Desert’s little paradises in middle tempt every man in the face of earth. How remote or small, they hold our heart firmly and take it by storm. Egypt is happy to share these small pieces of his heart with whoever wants to bask in the pleasure as such. And NILE HOLIDAY ensures these pleasurable adventures and encourages enjoying these valleys without worrying about security and as such. So, let you heart guide you to Egypt’s small piece of heaven now..

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