Dakhla Oasis

At 350 km from the Nile, the Dakhla Oasis is called ‘Inner Oasis’ and is one of the seven major oases of Western Desert.

General Info
































Governorate: New Valley
Name: El Dakhla
Location: 25° 30′ 0″ N,
28° 58′ 45″ E
Area: 2,000 km2
Population: 75000
Main Town: Mut

History



  • The oasis started during the time when Sahara used to have wetter climate, lakes and marshes.


  • Dakhla came into Ancient Egypt’s notice or say into Pharaonic contact in 2550 BCE.


  • Many temples were built temple of Mut, Amun re, Khonsu and so on during 1st


  • Many complexes were renovated during Roman times.


  • Later, Islamic era established Al Qasr town on the ruins of Roman settlement in 12 century.



Climate


Summer: April – Oct


July: Hottest month – Avg. Temp. Of 39°C and sunshine hours at 12


Winter: November – March


January: Coldest month – Avg. Temp. Of 20°C and sunshine hours at 9


Flora


Seven vegetation types are recognized here as well as Kharga:



  • Aquatic Vascular Plants –


  • Urticularia gibba and Potamogeton pectinatus (freshwater)


  • Ruppia maritima and Zannichellia palustris (brackish water)


  • Najus graminea and N. Minor (shallow irrigation lands)


  • Lemna gibba and L. Aequinoctialis (free floating water bodies)


  • Aquatic Green Algae –


  • Nitella spp. and Chara spp.


  • Reed Swamp Vegetation –


  • Typha domingensis and Phragmites australis


  • Halophytic Vegetation –


  • Wet salt marshes


  • Dry salt marshes


  • Psammophytic Vegetation –


  • Alhagi graecorum


  • Tamarix nilotica


  • Cultivated land –


  • Date palm


  • Olive


  • Vegetables


  • Rice


  • Cereal


  • Grass


  • Waste Land In the vicinity of cultivated ground –


  • Hyoscyamus muticus,


  • Sporobolus spicatus,


  • Fagonia arabica,


  • Cyperus laevigatus,


  • Aeluropus lagopoides,


  • Polypogon monspeliensis


  • Xerophytic Vegetation –


  • vascular desert plants


  • Endemic species Restricted to Dakhla –


  • Melilotus serratifolius Täckholm and Boulos (Leguminosae)



Economic Sector


The main sources of income:



  • Agriculture,


  • Industry,


  • Tourism,


  • Allum Mines



Agricultural Products


The major cultivated products:



  • Cereals,


  • Dates,


  • Vegetables



Important Sites



  • Ethnographic Museum


  • Al Qasr


  • Freshwater Springs and Hot Springs


  • Deir El Hagar


  • Bashindi


  • Balat


  • Necropolis of Al Muzwaqa


  • Mut



These Western Desert little paradises tempt every man in the face of the earth. How remote or small, they hold our heart firmly and take it by storm. Egypt is happy to share these small pieces of his heart with whoever wants to bask in the pleasure as such. And NILE HOLIDAY ensures these pleasurable adventures and encourages enjoying these valleys without worrying about security and as such. So, let your heart guide you to Egypt’s small piece of heaven now..

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