Decorated by some of the best ancient sites, Luxor is regarded as one of the sources of ancient Egyptian history. Among such sites, there are numerous temples that lead people into the cultural and religious life of the dead. One such temple is the Mortuary Temple of Ramesses III at Madinat Habu.
Located on the West Bank of Luxor, it is an important structure that depicted the start of the New Kingdom and also the fights and defeats of the Sea People at that time. It was constructed under the rulings of Ramesses III who dedicated this temple to God Amun.
The temple resembles some of the other known Temples In Luxor as the design was the base for most temples in the Ramesses’ dynasty. The temple is very similar to the mortuary temple of Ramesses II that lies close to this temple.
The temple is around 150 meters long. The interesting part is that it contains more than 7,000 square meters of decorated wall reliefs. The exterior walls are carved with reliefs depicting religious scenes and portrayals of Ramesses’ wars against the Libyans and the Sea People.
Enclosed by a massive mud-brick, the decorated walls are well preserved by the entrance that goes through a fortified gate-house known as the Migdol.
The first gateway opens into the courtyard that has colossal statues of Ramesses and Osiris lined up on one side, and uncarved columns on the other side.
The second gateway leads into a peristyle hall which also houses columns in the shape of Ramesses.
The third gateway leads into the large hypo-style hall which has reliefs depicting the king and the actual skulls of the captives that symbolizes the power of the King over Syria and Nubia.
There used to be a church inside the temple structure which has now been removed. The writings and cravings have now been altered due to changing times but most of them are particularly visible. At the upper register of the eastern wall in the second courtyard, one can find the names of the nine Pharaohs.
The temple is very informative in terms of wars and religions of the people and is very important for the study of the Egyptian people’s history. One would get really intrigued in the stories of war and people that have been witnessed here. Visit The Madinat Habu for its historical significance and reliefs that are just incomparable.